[Authority] Salvadori, 1865 | [group] Kites, hawks and eagles | [order] ACCIPITRIFORMES | [family] Accipitridae | [latin] Buteo auguralis | [UK] Red-necked Buzzard | [FR] Buse dAfrique | [DE] Salvadoribussard | [ES] Busardo cuellirrojo | [NL] Afrikaanse Roodstaartbuizerd | copyright picture

copyright: Cagan H Sekercioglu

Medium-sized buzzard with the striking reddish-brown colouration of the neck, which extends over the crown and down to the upper back. The rest of the red-necked buzzard?s upperparts are mainly blackish, except for the tail feathers which are also reddish-brown and marked with a blackish bar just before the tail tips. In contrast to the dark upperparts, the breast is mainly bright white, becoming dark brown towards the throat, and marked with an irregular patterning of dark blotches extending to the flanks. The juvenile resembles the adult, except for the colouration of the upperparts which are lighter, and the breast, which is cream rather than white and lacks the darker plumage around the throat.

Occupying a range of habitats, the red-necked buzzard can be found in plantations, farmland, savannah, woodland, and forest edges up to elevations of 2,500 metres

This red-necked buzzard?s usual hunting technique is to sit in wait on a perch, will also feed from the ground. Diet consists of wide range of small animals including rodents, birds, lizards and snakes. Known to eat anthropods and termites.

This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be increasing, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size may be moderately small to large, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern. [conservation status from birdlife.org]

Builds a stick nest high up in tree. Sometims uses cliffs for nesting. The clutch is 2-3 eggs which are incubated for probably a month, with another month for the young to fledge.

Regular annual North-South migration in West Africa, moving South in Sept just after rains to breed along forest edge and woodland adjoining Guinea and Upper Congo forests. At recommencement of rains in Mar moves North into drier, more open savanna, where little studied. Movements in Central & Northeast Africa not as obvious or well understood; possibly separate population in North Angola and Southwest Zaire.