Ruff determination[order] Charadriiformes | [family] Scolopacidae | [latin] Philomachus pugnax | [UK] Ruff | [FR] Combattant varié | [DE] Kampfläufer | [ES] Combatiente | [IT] Combattente | [NL] Kemphaan


Subspecies and global distribution

  1. Phalaropus pugnax
  2. Philomachus pugnax EU n

Literature

Title
Two estimates of the metabolic costs of antibody production in migratory shorebirds: low costs, internal reallocation, or both?
Author(s): Luisa Mendes, Theunis Piersma, Dennis Hasselquist
Abstract: We measured the costs of mounting a humoral immune response using two novel antigens (tetanus and diphtheria) in two shorebird species (Scolopacid ): Red Knot (Calidris canutus, measured in autumn) and Ruff (Philomachus pugnax, measured in spring). M..[more]..
Source: J Ornithol (2006) 147: 274-280
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Title
Biometrics of Ruffs Philomachus pugnax migrating in spring through southern Belarus with special emphasis on the occurrence of 'faeders'.
Author(s): Natalia Karlionova, Pavel Pinchuk, Wlodzimierz Meissner and Yvonne Verkuil
Abstract: In spring, the Ruff Philomachus pugnax passes through European inland sites in large numbers. Birds from eastern and western parts of the breeding range may differ in biometrics, but data on this species in eastern Europe are scarce. The aim of this ..[more]..
Source: Ringing & Migration (2007) 23, 134-140
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