[order] Passeriformes | [family] Turdidae | [latin] Turdus obscurus | [UK] Eyebrowed Thrush | [FR] Merle obscur | [DE] Weissbrauendrossel | [ES] Zorzal Rojigrís | [IT] Tordo oscuro | [NL] Vale Lijster

Vale Lijster determination

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Rather small and rakish thrush, with general character most like Redwing. Grey- to olive-brown above, with obvious white supercilium, eye-ring, and throat; upper breast grey but chest and flanks orange or buff, contrasting with white belly and vent. Underwing pale grey. Sexes closely similar.

Breeds in upper middle and higher latitudes of east Palearctic, in continental boreal lowland and montane habitats, from fringe of taiga in larch to dense forests of spruce and fir, especially in sheltered valleys or near water. In winter, occurs in woods, open country, and gardens.

Breeds in Siberia, Mongolia, Japan: reported in summer, but breeding not confirmed. Vagrant to Britain, France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Poland, Czech Republic, Portugal, Italy, Malta, Israel.

Feeds on insects, earthworms, berries, and fruits. Forages on the ground beneath tall trees, hopping and stopping to jab vigorously at the ground or to pick up food; also gleans food from branches and foliage

This species has a large range, with an estimated global Extent of Occurrence of 10,000,000 km˛. The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as 'frequent' in at least parts of its range (Clement and Hathway 2000). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e. declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern. [conservation status from birdlife.org]

5 to 6 eggs are laid in a nest made of rootlets, grass, sticks, and bark, lined with soil and grass, and built in a tree fork from 1 to 5 meter above the ground. Incubation ranges from 13 to 15 days and is carried out by the female.

Migratory. Passes through Mongolia, Manchuria, Korea, and China to winter in eastern India, Burma, Vietnam, southern China, and Japan south to Malay peninsula, Philippines, and Indonesia. Stragglers have reached Arabia and Alaska, as well as west Palearctic.