[order] Apodiformes | [family] Apodidae | [latin] Apus pacificus | [UK] Fork-tailed Swift | [FR] Martinet de Sibérie | [DE] Pazifiksegler | [ES] Vencejo del Pacífico | [IT] Rondone codaforcuta | [NL] Siberische Gierzwaluw

Siberische Gierzwaluw determination

No film available

It is a large swift with long, pointed wings and a long, deeply forked tail. It has a conspicuous white rump. Underparts have some scaling and a pale throat .

Preferred habitats include mountains and human habitations, usually near water.

The Fork-tailed Swift breeds from Siberia to Kamchatka and south to the Himalayas and south-east Asia. Some races are more migratory than others and winter as far as southern India to Australia.

Fork-tailed Swift: Feeds on insects; forages in flight.

This species has a large range, with an estimated global Extent of Occurrence of 10,000,000 km². The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as 'common' in at least parts of its range (del Hoyo et al. 1999). Global population trends have not been quantified, but there is evidence of a population increase (del Hoyo et al. 1999), and so the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e. declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern. [conservation status from birdlife.org]

Fork-tailed Swift: Two to three white eggs are laid in a nest made of grass, moss, and leaves, glued together with sticky saliva, and built on a cliff ridge or under a roof crevice; usually nests near water. Incubation ranges from 19 to 22 days and is carried out by both parents.

Nominate race a long distance migrant, while 3 more S races mainly resident or short-distance migrants; race cooki thought to be resident, but has occurred in winter in Malay Peninsula; kanoi has occurred in winter in Philippines and Malaysia; leuconyx may be diseprsive resident, recorded throughout Indian Subcontinent. Nominate form winters in Indonesia, Melanesia and Australia, where common Oct-Apr; recorded Cape York Peninsula, N Australia, with Hirundapus caudacatutus in Jul, presumably non-breeding birds. Arrives in Japan from late Mar, most arriving in Honshu mid-Apr and Hokkaido early May. First arrivals in far E Siberia from late Apr to early May, appearing en masse in NE Mongolia late May to early Jun. Leaves Yakutia in mid-Aug, E Mongolia Aug, L Baikal late Aug, Japan from late Sept with migration through Oct and early Nov. Regular passage migrant in Java, though relatively few migrant records from Borneo and Sumatra. Recorded across Wallacea, rarely as winter visitor but mainly as passage migrant: Sulawesi Sept-Oct and Jan-Mar, Halmahera late Sept and early Apr, Buru late Nov and early Dec, Flores mid-Aug to mid-Apr, Timor Sept-Nov and Mar, and Aru Is early Apr. Migrates through Malay Peninsula mid-Sept to mid-Nov and late May, recorded Talaud early Oct and S New Guinea mid-Oct to late Dec. Large numbers migrate through Riau Archipelago, in Strait of Malacca, late Apr. Often seen with Hirundapus species on passage. First mainland record in Cochinchina as recently as 1996, and probably under-recorded on passage throughout Indochina. Recently recorded in mid-winter in S Sumatra, where largest migrant group c. 220 moving S through Serkap early Oct. Vagrant within Russia W to Urals, to Britain Jun 1981 and May 1993, to Alaskan islands at least 10 times, Jun-Sept, and to Macquarie I in S Tasman Sea.