[order] Passeriformes | [family] Fringillidae | [latin] Carduelis flammea | [UK] Redpoll | [FR] Sizerin flammé | [DE] Birkenzeisig | [ES] Pardillo Sizerín | [IT] Organetto | [NL] Barmsijs

Barmsijs determination

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Common Redpolls are approximately 12 to 14 centimeters in length. A small gray-brown finch with a deeply forked tail, Common Redpolls have highly variable plumage characteristics.
A Common Redpoll is a streaky finch with pale feathered edges. The forehead and crown are red, whereas the lores and chin are black. The eye line is dark; the supercilium is pale. The cheeks are a darker gray than the rest of the head and nape. The median and greater coverts are solid gray with broad pale tips that create two wing bars. The flight and tail feathers are gray with buff-colored edges. The rump is pale and streaked with gray. The breast, flanks, and belly are whitish in color. The breast and flanks are streaked, but the amount of streaking varies. Males have a variable amount of rose wash across the upper breast that is not apparent in females. The yellow bill is sharply pointed, with a black tip and culmen. The female is similar to male, but darker and streakier. Little or no red, except on crown.

Breeds in open subarctic coniferous forest and scrub. Avoids dense forests. Winters in open woodland and scrub, weedy fields, and suburban and urban areas.

Carduelis flammea is a widespread resident across much of northern Europe (occurring more patchily farther south), which accounts for less than half of its global range. Its European breeding population is very large (>8,800,000 pairs), and was broadly stable between 1970-1990. Although the trend of the stronghold population in Russia during 1990-2000 was unknown, the species was broadly stable in most other key populations in its European range, and there was no evidence to suggest that it declined significantly overall.

Feeds on small branches, often hanging upside down. Uses feet to hold food items. Frequently visits bird feeders, especially thistle feeders

This species has a large range, with an estimated global Extent of Occurrence of >10,000,000 km2. Its global population size is unknown, but the North American population is estimated to be 97,000,000 individuals (Rich et al. 2003), and the European population is estimated to be 160,000-390,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e. declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern. [conservation status from birdlife.org]

Between the months of April and August. the female constructs the nest on branches of spruce or in the crevice of a Willow anywhere from 1-2 meters above the ground. It is an open cup of fine twigs, rootlets and grasses. Lined with thick layer of feathers or hair . Placed in small tree or shrub. The eggs are greenish white to pale blue, spotted with purple at large end. The ctch Size is usually 4-6 eggs. Incubation lasts 10-11 days, the chicks fledge after 12 days, broods: 1, occasionally 2.

European birds mainly resident, with in some winters large influxes can occur of Northern birds. New World birds Winter s to c U.S. (vagrant to n Calif.), n Mediterranean region and c Asia. Introduced in New Zealand and Macquarie Island, vagrant on Lord Howe Island. (Sibley Charles G. 1996)