[order] Charadriiformes | [family] Scolopacidae | [latin] Calidris temminckii | [UK] Temmincks Stint | [FR] Bécasseau de Temminck | [DE] Temminck-Strandläufer | [ES] Correlimos de Temminck | [IT] Gambecchio nano | [NL] Temmincks Strandloper

Temmincks Strandloper determination

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Small stint with broad white sides of tail and rump, unique amongst Calidris. Upperparts range from dull grey to olive brown, with variable patches of black brown, dull rufous and grey. Head and breast grey brown. Breast heavily streaked brown, white on chin, throat and belly. Female averages slightly larger. Non-breeding adult has plain dark grey upperparts and head. Breast uniform pale grey brown, chin and throat white.

Southern tundra, shrub tundra and along folldplains in forest tundra, on flat ground clear of vegetation, or covered with short grass interspersed with patches of shrubs. Also near inlets, fjords, deltas and streams. Upland ane inland, at sheltered sites on shrubland fringes. Outside breeding season, variety of wetland types, preferably inland freshwater sites, flood lands, irrigated fields, sewage farms and more or less densely vegetated wetlands.

Calidris temminckii breeds mainly in Fennoscandia and arctic Russia, with Europe accounting for less than half of its global breeding range. Estimates of its European breeding population vary widely, but it is probably relatively large (as many as 420,000 pairs), and was stable between 1970-1990. Although there were declines in Sweden and Finland during 1990-2000, populations in Norway and the Russian stronghold were stable, and the species probably remained stable overall.

On coast, mainly annlids, crustaceans and small molluscs. Pecks prey from surface, rarely probes. Singly or in small groups of up to 30 birds.

This species has a large range, with an estimated global Extent of Occurrence of 1,000,000-10,000,000 km². It has a large global population estimated to be 170,000-1,300,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2002). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e. declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern [conservation status from birdlife.org]

Egg laying in May-July. Successive bigamy by both sexes, occasionally with third clutch. Site fidelity and some natal philopatry. Nest on ground, in open or low vegetation, lined with plant, stems and leaves. 4 eggs, 2nd clutch started a week after 1st. Each nest cared for by one parent, incubation 21 days. Chick obscurely mottled cinnamon buff to ochraceous above with blackis band and white to buff down tips, buff-yellow face and throat, and white underparts. Age of first breeding 1 year.

Migratory. Broad front migration spans towards N Africa and S Asia. Arrive in n Africa late Jul to mid-Sept or mid-Oct, reaching Mali Aug-Oct, Eritrea Sept to early Oct, and tropics mainly from Oct. Departs wintering grounds mainly late Mar to Apr, some as late as May. Small numbers winter in Europe, occasionally as far as N Britain. Scandinavian birds move S-SW in autumn. Usually migrates in small flocks, up to 250 individuals.